Beloved for centuries as the ultimate gemstone, sapphire is part of the Corundum mineral family and is an ideal choice for everyday wear. With a hardness of 9 on the Mohs scale, sapphire of any color is one of the hardest gemstones behind a diamond. They exist in blue, pink, green, yellow, orange, purple, colorless and black. Sapphires that are not blue, black or colorless are called fancy sapphires. Some sapphires may be considered ‘parti-colored’ by displaying combinations of different colors. Each color category has its own color range from different color-causing trace elements and sources.
Sapphire is found in many parts of the world, but the most prized sapphires are from Myanmar (Burma), Kashmir and Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Variations of fancy sapphire include the rare, orange-pink padparadscha sapphire as well as the unique star sapphire.
Due to their crystal growth, larger sapphires are most often found in fancy brilliant cuts, like oval or cushion, large rounds and emerald cuts are markedly rarer to encounter. No matter what the color, sapphires combine durability and beauty for generations of pleasure.
Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 5th and 45th anniversaries.
Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Burma and various other localities
9.0 on Mohs Scale
5th and 45th
1.762 to 1.770
0.008 to 0.010